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YouTube channel on NS2 on Ubuntu

Hello friends!
Recently, I have started a YouTube channel explaining all the concepts that I have put on this blog.

Please check the channel. Link is here =>

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Happy learning!


Popular posts from this blog

Runtime packet loss calculation in NS2

Hello friend, here I am going to present a method to calculate the runtime packet loss. I am going to show this using ns2 2.34 and AODV.
      Sometime we require packet loss to calculate trust value (in case of Trust Based protocols where it is done by no. of packets sent - no. of packets received).
       I am going to show the calculation for a particular pair of nodes.
Steps involved:-

A) We will have to add a node as a malicious node which will drop the packets
     intentionally. You can add a malicious node using this link.

B) Second, we'll set the AODV in promiscuous mode, where every node will
     listen to its neighbors.

1) We need to modify in total 3 files to set AODV in promiscuous mode, so it's
    good to take a backup of it.
    Files are:
ns-allinone-2.34/ns-2.34/aodv/aodv.ccns-allinone-2.34/ns-2.34/aodv/aodv.hns-allinone-2.34/ns-2.34/tcl/lib/ns-mobilenode.tcl 2) Open the file ns-allinone-2.34/ns-2.34/aodv/aodv.h in your favorite editor
    and make the cha…

How to add trust table in NS2.

I am assuming AODV protocol. In add below code

   //Initialize as per your need.
//Deconstruct as per your need.

trust_entry* trust_store::trust_lookup(
nsaddr_t node_id)
     trust_entry *rp = trusthead.lh_first;
     for (; rp; rp = rp->trust_link.le_next) {
             if (rp->node_id == node_id)
    return rp;
void trust_store::trust_delete(
nsaddr_t node_id)
    trust_entry *rp = trust_lookup(node_id);

    if (rp)
        LIST_REMOVE(rp, trust_link);
        delete rp;


nsaddr_t node_id, nsaddr_t prev_node,nsaddr_t next_node,int32_t trust_value)
    trust_entry *rp;
    //assert(tr_lookup(dst_seq_no) == 0);
    rp = new trust_entry;
    rp->node_id = node_id;
    rp->prev_node = prev_node;
    rp->next_node = next_node;
    rp->trust_value = trust_value;
    LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&trusthead, rp, trust_link);

How to print Routing table of each node in NS2

You need to pass node id as an argument to this method.
e.g. in withing rt_resolve() method,


This will print node 0's routing table at that time with file name as node_0.

void AODV::rt_print(nsaddr_t node_id)
    FILE * tmpFile;
    char tmpFileName[50] = "node_";
    char tmp[10] = "";
    tmpFile = fopen(tmpFileName, "w");

    aodv_rt_entry *rt;   

    for (rt = rtable.head(); rt; rt = rt->rt_link.le_next)

            "Node Id:%i Current time:%.4lf Destination:%i Next hop:%i No. of hops:%i Seq. No.:%i Route expire:%f Flags:%.4lf %d \n",
            node_id, CURRENT_TIME, rt->rt_dst, rt->rt_nexthop, rt->rt_hops,rt->rt_seqno, rt->rt_expire, rt->rt_flags);


All the Best!